Chaislyn and Maddie play a game of Duck, Duck, Goose with their teachers. The girls use many strategies during their play. Chaislyn loves being the goose, but she knows that this role is supposed to be avoided. How does she handle this restriction? She invents an expression of feigned disappointment (“Oh man!”) in order to cover her deliberate strategies to “lose.” This feigned expression is an indication of her ability to think about other people’s thinking. In the process of playing group games, young children come to understand fairness and the perspective of others.

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